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cc2640r2f:migration_guides:cc2640_to_cc2640r2f:cc2640_to_cc2640r2f

CC2640 to CC2640R2F

Introduction

This section describes main differences an Application Developer must
be aware of between the CC2640 and the CC2640R2F along with a example
porting guide to demonstrate the migration effort.

The CC2640R2F was designed to increase flash availability for the
application, without changing underlying proven hardware of the CC2640.

Due to the underlaying hardware and platform based on the CC2640, the
migration effort from a CC2640 to CC2640R2F is very minor.
For more information on specific steps,
see :ref:cc2640-to-cc2640r2-porting-guide
for specific instructions.

Features and Benefits

To enable maximum possible flash availability, the CC2640R2F features:

  • :ref:cc2640-to-cc2640r2-additional-rom-support
  • :ref:cc2640-to-cc2640r2-improved-icall

Additional benefits of the CC2640R2F:

  • :ref:cc2640-to-cc2640r2-word-alignment-ccs
  • :ref:cc2640-to-cc2640r2-launchpad-support
  • :ref:cc2640-to-cc2640r2-improved-oad-support
  • :ref:cc2640-to-cc2640r2-ti-u-stack-for-broadcaster
  • :ref:cc2640-to-cc2640r2-additional-vs-hci-cmds

These features and benefits enable rapid development, future-ready, and
innovative robust products.

.. _cc2640-to-cc2640r2-additional-rom-support:

Additional ROM Support on CC2640R2F
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

A majority of the increase in application flash availability is due to
portions of the |OLDSTACK| being placed into ROM. When
enabled, the stack flash usage dramatically decreases. Up to an ~50%
decrease of |OLDSTACK| flash usage can be realized with this feature alone;
this results in up to an additional 30kB for the application when
migrating from an existing CC2640 project.

In addition, the |OLDSTACK| has the following |CORESPEC|
features always enabled:

* Ping
* Slave feature exchange
* Connection Parameter Update Request
* Multirole Connections
* Privacy
* LE Data Length Extension

See :ref:stack_features_configuration for more information on
selecting features.

See :ref:cc2640-to-cc2640r2-porting-guide for specific instructions.

.. warning::
Flashing a CC2640 with binaries made for CC2640R2F will
result in a spin-lock prior to main.

.. figure:: resources/running-r2-on-r1-trap.png
    :align: center

    A screen shot highlighting the spin-lock in IAR when running
    CC2640R2F code on a CC2640.

.. figure:: resources/running-r2-on-r1-trap-ccs.png
    :align: center

    A screen shot highlighting the spin-lock in CCS when running
    CC2640R2F code on a CC2640.

.. _cc2640-to-cc2640r2-improved-icall:

Improved ICall and App/Stack library builds
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

ICall has been optimized for reduced flash usage and increased stack
operational efficiency. Given these improvements to ICall, stack library
builds are possible.

Library builds will not have an application/stack Boundary. Global
linking is enabled instead. This allows the linker to only link the
stack components that are utilized. Global linking also allows objects
used by both the application and stack to be shared.

No ICall/Stack API changes are required to realize these benefits.

For details regarding improved ICall and it's benefits, see :ref:sec-the-application-icall-lite.

For additional information on ICall see :ref:icall.

.. _cc2640-to-cc2640r2-word-alignment-ccs:

Word alignment boundary support in CCS for split image build configurations
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

In previous versions of Code Composer Studio, the flash-loader driver
was limited to writing/reading/erasing a page at a time. This meant
that in the dual-image configuration of the CC2640 on CCS, the boundary
was forced to be page aligned. Worst case, up to a page (4kB) of flash
could potentially wasted to maintain this boundary.

Utilizing the upgraded word aligned CCS flash-loader driver in CCS 7.0.0, along
with enhancements in the Frontier tool, limits the worst case to the size of
a word (32 bits). Word alignment allows for additional Application or Stack
Flash usage.

.. note::
IAR Embedded Workbench for ARM supported this feature with CC2640.

.. note::
OAD currently only supports page aligned boundaries to allow for
application or stack updates. For word alignment with OAD, please
see :ref:sec-library-off-chip-oad

.. _cc2640-to-cc2640r2-launchpad-support:

CC2640R2F LaunchPad Support
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

All example applications are compatible with the CC2640R2F LaunchPad development
kit. These features allow for a unified development experience and empowers
developers to rapidly release to market.

CC2640R2 LaunchPad Development Kit Product Page <http://www.ti.com/tool/launchxl-cc2640r2>_

.. _cc2640-to-cc2640r2-improved-oad-support:

Improved OAD Support
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

OAD Support on the CC2640R2F has been improved with new features to
boost flash availability to both the application and the stack and
reduce costs to future proof.

The CC2640R2F has been improved to allow the linkages to TI-RTOS ROM
functions for OAD application images. The nature of OAD and BIM on
CC2640 forced TI-RTOS to be linked into flash for OAD application
images.

In addition, BIM for CC2640R2F is redesigned to reside in Page 31 of
flash. CC2640's BIM resided in both Page 0 and Page 31, limiting
Application and Stack flash. This feature allows for an additional Page
for the developer to use.

BTool now supports the OAD profile, replacing BLE Device Monitor. This
change allows us to give a consistent OAD Downloader experience across
all devices supporting TI |OLDSTACK|.

For more information regarding OAD, see :ref:sec-oad

.. note::
On-Chip OAD was supported by IAR Embedded Workbench for ARM for
CC2640.

.. _cc2640-to-cc2640r2-ti-u-stack-for-broadcaster:

Micro BLE Stack for broadcaster applications
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

The Micro BLE Stack is included with the |OLDSTACK|. It features the
ability to send non-connectable advertisements, and is planned to support
scannable advertisements and scanning in the future.

For more information on the Micro BLE Stack see :ref:sec-index-micro-ble-stack.

.. _cc2640-to-cc2640r2-additional-vs-hci-cmds:

Additional Vendor Specific HCI Functionality
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Two additional vendor specific commands were created in |OLDSTACK|:

* :ble_api:`HCI_EXT_ScanEventNoticeCmd`

    Scan Request Detection allows for a BLE Application operating as a
    Peripheral or Broadcaster GAPRole to receive a notification when a Scan
    Request is received from a peer device.

* :ble_api:`HCI_EXT_ScanReqRptCmd`

    Scan Event Notifications allows for a BLE Application operating as a
    Central or Observer GAPRole to receive a notification when a Scan Event
    is completed.

.. _cc2640-to-cc2640r2-porting-guide:

Porting Guide from CC2640 to CC2640R2F

These sections describe porting between different versions of the BLE-Stack. To port
from versions of the BLE-Stack prior to BLE-Stack 2.2.1, see the
Porting Guide Wiki <http://processors.wiki.ti.com/index.php/CC2640_Porting_Projects>_

Porting Instructions from BLE-Stack 2.2.1 to BLE-Stack 3.00.00
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

This section will describe a way to port a project from BLE-Stack 2.2.1 to
a BLE-Stack 3.00.00 project.

For this porting guide, simple_peripheral from BLE-Stack 2.2.1 will be ported
over to BLE-Stack 3.00.00. Due to the a number of changes in the directory
structure and drivers, we will utilize the simple_peripheral project in
BLE-Stack 3.00.00 as the project base. In other words, no modifications will be
made to the BLE-Stack 2.2.1 project. All application specific code will be
inserted into the BLE-Stack 3.00.00 project.

. Choose a BLE-Stack 3.00.00 example project

For reference, see available sample projects that start with simple\_

In this example, we're going to use simple\_peripheral as the starting
BLE-Stack 3.00.00 sample project.

.. tip::

    All BLE-Stack 3.00.00 sample projects by default contain all the
    necessary includes and preprocessor defines to utilize improved
    ICall in FlashROM\_Library configurations.

. Transfer all modified application files into the example project

Place modified profile and application files the existing files in
the |SDK| to match those in BLE-Stack 2.2.1 project.

Modify ``main.c`` in the BLE-Stack 3.00.00 example if additional tasks
were added in the BLE-Stack 2.2.1 project.

In this example, the following files from BLE-Stack 2.2.1 were moved into
simple\_peripheral BLE-Stack 3.00.00 example:

- ``simple_peripheral.c``
- ``simple_peripheral.h``
- ``simple_gatt_profile.c``
- ``simple_gatt_profile.h``

.. note::
    The folder structure has changed, see :ref:`tbl-root-folder`.

.. attention::
    For applications using **Directed Advertisements** comment
    out ``#define GBM_GATT_NO_CLIENT`` in  ``gapbondmgr.c`` of BLE
    v3.0.0 project to remain compliant with the |CORESPEC|.

    .. code-block:: c
        :linenos:
        :emphasize-lines: 3

        #ifdef GATT_NO_CLIENT
        #ifndef GBM_GATT_NO_CLIENT
        //#define GBM_GATT_NO_CLIENT // <-- Comment this out
        #endif // !GBM_GATT_NO_CLIENT
        #endif // GATT_NO_CLIENT

    See :ref:`creating-a-custom-ble-app_directed_advertisements` for more
    information.

. Include icall_api.h if Stack/ICall APIs are used. Add the following

include AFTER all other includes for source files using Stack/ICall

APIs.

In this example, add::

    #include "icall_api.h"

into the following files **AFTER** all other includes. In for the
simple\_peripheral port, add this into these files:

    * ``simple_peripheral.c``
    * ``simple_gatt_profile.c``

For more information regarding ``icall_api.h`` see
:ref:`sec-the-application-icall-lite`.

.. danger::
    All Stack/ICall APIs are listed in ``icall_api.h``. If any APIs are
    used without ``icall_api.h``, build and or link errors may occur with
    erratic runtime behaviors!

. Convert the application to use the TI-RTOS Event module.

ICall/Stack now synchronize with threads with the TI-RTOS Event Module
instead of the TI-RTOS Semaphore module.

In this example, simple\_peripheral needs to modified as shown in
:ref:`cc2640-to-cc2640r2-using-events`.

. Apply changes from TI-RTOS drivers used in BLE-Stack 2.2.1 to the TI-RTOS

drivers included with the |SDK|.

TI-RTOS Kernel is now packaged with the |SDK|. When
migrating from the BLE-Stack 2.2.1, the following drivers have changed.
Please see the changes to these files between TI-RTOS for SimpleLink
CC13xx/CC26xx 2.14.01.20 with the supplied headers in the |SDK|.

- ``PDMCC26XX.h``
- ``PDMCC26XX_util.h``
- ``PINCC26XX.h``
- ``PWMTimerCC26XX.h``
- ``UARTCC26XX.h``
- ``WatchdogCC26XX.h``

Also, refer to the |TIRTOSUPGRADE|
for additional information and the TI-RTOS examples included with |SDK|.

For additional information on how BLE-Stack 3.00.00 uses TI-RTOS see
:ref:`sec-tirtos-overview`

For any utilized TI Drivers, review `TI-RTOS Kernel Users Guide`_ and
`Driver APIs <..\/..\/..\/..\/..\/tidrivers\/tidriversAPIs.html>`__

In this example, simple\_periphral includes paths need to modified. The
TI-RTOS DisplayDriver driver has been relocated to the following location:

.. code-block:: c
    :linenos:
    :emphasize-lines: 2

    #include <ti/mw/display/Display.h> // NOT CORRECT
    #include <ti/display/Display.h>    // CORRECT

. Build stack project

- Select **FlashROM_Library** build configuration for the Stack project in
  IDE.
- Build the Stack project. In the Output Folder of the IDE, a library
  file will be generated.

The BLE-Stack 3.00.00 simple\_peripheral example Project has the following
configurations related to Library builds.

.. table::

    +----------------------------+-----------------------+
    | App Build Configs          | Stack Build Configs   |
    +============================+=======================+
    | **FlashROM**               | **FlashROM**          |
    +----------------------------+-----------------------+
    | **FlashROM\_StackLibrary** | **FlashROM\_Library** |
    +----------------------------+-----------------------+

If a linked stack and application image is desired, a the library project
must be built in the **FlashROM\_Library** configuration and the application
project must be builts in the **FlashROM\_StackLibrary** configuration.
**FlashROM\_Library** only generates a library for the application project
to link with. As a result, flashing the stack project is impossible with
this build configuration.

**FlashROM** build configurations implement a boundary that is generated by
the frontier boundary tool.

. Build application project

- Select **FlashROM_StackLibrary** build configuration for the Application
  Project in IDE.

- Build and flash the project onto the CC2640R2F.

At this point, you should have a functional BLE-Stack 3.00.00 project
running on the CC2640R2F.

.. _cc2640-to-cc2640r2-using-events:

ICall Utilizes the TI-RTOS Event Module Instead of Semaphores
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Applications for |OLDSTACK| projects now use the TI-RTOS Event module
instead of the TI-RTOS Semaphore module to implement stack-application ICall
messaging and synchronization. The following items need to be changed when
porting applications from BLE-Stack 2.2.1 to BLE-Stack 3.00.00. Existing
applications that utilize Semaphores for non-ICall aware tasks do not need
to adapt to the Event module.

For more information on how to use the Event module, see
:ref:sec-rtos-overview-event and the Event Synchronization Module section
the TI-RTOS Kernel Users Guide_

.. tip::
To compare the changes required to use the TI-RTOS Event module instead of
its Semaphore module in your application, see changes between
simple_peripheral.c in BLE-Stack 2.2.1 and |OLDSTACK|

. Change include paths from Semaphore to Event module and add icall_api.h

into your application.

.. code-block:: c
    :linenos:
    :emphasize-lines: 2,3

    #include <ti/sysbios/knl/Semaphore.h> //Remove
    #include <ti/sysbios/knl/Event.h>     //Add
    #include "icall_api.h                 //Add

. Change the type ICall_Semaphore to ICall_SyncHandle

.. code-block:: c
    :linenos:
    :emphasize-lines: 2

    static ICall_Semaphore sem;           //Remove
    static ICall_SyncHandle syncEvent;    //Add

Replace any references to ``sem`` with ``syncEvent``.

. Change existing application semaphores to Event types. Previously, semaphores

relied on user-defined preprocessor defines. The Event module uses TI-RTOS
Event IDs.

**Remove**

.. code-block:: c
    :linenos:

    #define SBP_STATE_CHANGE_EVT                  0x0001  //Remove
    #define SBP_CHAR_CHANGE_EVT                   0x0002  //Remove
    #define SBP_PERIODIC_EVT                      0x0004  //Remove
    #define SBP_CONN_EVT_END_EVT                  0x0008  //Remove

**Add**

.. code-block:: c
    :linenos:
    :emphasize-lines: 2-7

    // Internal events for RTOS application
    #define SBP_ICALL_EVT                         ICALL_MSG_EVENT_ID  // Event_Id_31
    #define SBP_QUEUE_EVT                         UTIL_QUEUE_EVENT_ID // Event_Id_30
    #define SBP_STATE_CHANGE_EVT                  Event_Id_00         // Add
    #define SBP_CHAR_CHANGE_EVT                   Event_Id_01         // Add
    #define SBP_PERIODIC_EVT                      Event_Id_02         // Add
    #define SBP_CONN_EVT_END_EVT                  Event_Id_30         // Add

    #define SBP_ALL_EVENTS                       (SBP_ICALL_EVT        |
                                                  SBP_QUEUE_EVT        |
                                                  SBP_STATE_CHANGE_EVT |
                                                  SBP_CHAR_CHANGE_EVT  |
                                                  SBP_PERIODIC_EVT     |
                                                  SBP_CONN_EVT_END_EVT)

. Relocate the global events flag. Remove the global uint16_t events

variable and place uint32_t events into SimpleBLEPeripheral_taskFxn()
as a local variable.

.. code-block:: c
    :linenos:
    :emphasize-lines: 8

    #if defined(FEATURE_OAD)
    // Event data from OAD profile.
    static Queue_Struct oadQ;
    static Queue_Handle hOadQ;
    #endif //FEATURE_OAD

    // events flag for internal application events.
    static uint16_t events; // Remove

    // Task configuration
    Task_Struct sbpTask;
    Char sbpTaskStack[SBP_TASK_STACK_SIZE];

.. code-block:: c
    :linenos:
    :emphasize-lines: 3

    static void SimpleBLEPeripheral_taskFxn(UArg a0, UArg a1)
    {
        uint32_t events; // Add

        // Initialize application
        SimpleBLEPeripheral_init();

        // Application main loop
        for (;;)
        {

            // Waits for an event to be posted associated with the calling thread.
            // Note that an event associated with a thread is posted when a
            // message is queued to the message receive queue of the thread
            events = Event_pend(syncEvent, Event_Id_NONE, SBP_ALL_EVENTS,
                                ICALL_TIMEOUT_FOREVER);

            if (events)
            {
                ICall_EntityID dest;
                ICall_ServiceEnum src;

. Replace ICall_wait() in Application Task with Event_pend()

.. code-block:: c
    :linenos:
    :emphasize-lines: 9-13, 15

    static void SimpleBLEPeripheral_taskFxn(UArg a0, UArg a1)
    {
       // Initialize application
       SimpleBLEPeripheral_init();

       // Application main loop
       for (;;)
       {
           // Waits for a signal to the semaphore associated with the calling thread.
           // Note that the semaphore associated with a thread is signaled when a
           // message is queued to the message receive queue of the thread or when
           // ICall_signal() function is called onto the semaphore.
           ICall_Errno errno = ICall_wait(ICALL_TIMEOUT_FOREVER);  // Remove

           if (errno == ICALL_ERRNO_SUCCESS) // Remove
           {
                ICall_EntityID dest;
                ICall_ServiceEnum src;

.. code-block:: c
    :linenos:
    :emphasize-lines: 10-14, 16

    static void SimpleBLEPeripheral_taskFxn(UArg a0, UArg a1)
    {
        uint32_t events;

        // Initialize application
        SimpleBLEPeripheral_init();

        // Application main loop
        for (;;)
        {
            // Waits for an event to be posted associated with the calling thread.
            // Note that an event associated with a thread is posted when a
            // message is queued to the message receive queue of the thread
            events = Event_pend(syncEvent, Event_Id_NONE, SBP_ALL_EVENTS,
                                ICALL_TIMEOUT_FOREVER); // Add

        if (events) // Add
        {
            ICall_EntityID dest;
            ICall_ServiceEnum src;

. Replace Semaphore_post() with Event_post() and remove any references

to the previously used events flag.

.. code-block:: c
    :linenos:
    :emphasize-lines: 4, 7

    static void SimpleBLEPeripheral_clockHandler(UArg arg)
    {
        // Store the event.
        events |= arg; // Remove

        // Wake up the application.
        Semaphore_post(sem); // Remove
    }

.. code-block:: c
    :linenos:
    :emphasize-lines: 3

    if (events & SBP_PERIODIC_EVT)
    {
        events &= ~SBP_PERIODIC_EVT; // Remove

        Util_startClock(&periodicClock);

        // Perform periodic application task
        SimpleBLEPeripheral_performPeriodicTask();
    }

.. code-block:: c
    :linenos:
    :emphasize-lines: 4

    static void SimpleBLEPeripheral_clockHandler(UArg arg)
    {
        // Wake up the application.
        Event_post(syncEvent, arg); // Add
    }

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cc2640r2f/migration_guides/cc2640_to_cc2640r2f/cc2640_to_cc2640r2f.txt · 最后更改: 2017/08/31 16:30 (外部编辑)